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Patterns in the landscape

The Stone to Steel area is dominated by the steep river valleys of the River Don and Little Don Valleys, which drain the uplands of the Peak District and north to Penistone and Thurlstone Moors. These rivers cut through the sandstone and limestone on the border of the Dark Peak and Northern Coal Measures, and are overlooked by the outcrops of Wharncliffe Crags and Hunshelf Bank.

The area supports many different wildlife habitats from scattered heathland to wild meadows, evergreen plantations to fragments of ancient woodland, deep river valleys and expansive reservoirs. These habitats are not only important for the many native plants and animals but also create the unique visual landscape of the borders of the peak.

The upland areas support scattered heathland and moorland habitats and are bordered by beech woodland and pine plantations, with fragments of ancient woodland surviving in steep stream valleys.

The project area contains a number of reservoirs which were created in the Ewden and Langsett valleys - these are now important focal points for recreation and water sports as well as wildlife havens and bring a pleasing variation to the visual landscape.

The land-cover was originally determined by the underlying geology and soils, and then transformed by thousands of years of ice, rain and wind. In Mesolithic times the first human settlers started the process of adapting and altering the landscape through harvesting, planting, mining and building, a process which continues apace to this day.

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patterns_in_the_landscape.pdf
patterns_in_the_landscape.pdf

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